Is your washing machine not working as well as when you first got it? Washers can last up to 10 years without having serious problems, but there are still some issues that could pop up along the way such as leaks that leave puddles on the floor or rusting that discolors your clothes.
You might also find mold or mildew in the tub.
Washing machine drums, motors, PCB control boards, sensors, soap dispensers, stabilizers, solenoid valves and all about washing machine parts. Understanding the parts of a washer and their function is the beginning of understanding how to get the best out of the machine and technician services for it
Washing machine parts work hard to rinse, wash, spin and drain. But what is really going on inside a washing machine and what are the parts that make it all happen? Most washing machines work in similar ways and share similar parts. Understanding the parts of a washing machine and what they do will help you up your laundry game and make troubleshooting easier if something goes wrong, like experiencing a leak. Read on to learn more about the parts that drive your washing machine and the role they play in the cleaning process.
Most washing machines have an inner and outer tub. The inner tub is called a wash basket in top load washers and a drum in front load washers. The outer tub remains stationary and holds the wash basket or drum, catching the wash water so it can be drained out. The wash basket or drum is the part of the washer that holds the clothes and rotates to wash them. They can be plastic, porcelain or stainless steel.
In top load models, wash action inside the tub is aided by an agitator or impeller. An agitator is a central post that twists back and forth, rubbing against clothes to help break apart soils. An impeller is a cone or disc that rotates to rub clothes against each other to help get them clean. In front load models, lifters or fins keep clothes tumbling in the drum.
Washing machine motor
The washer motor usually sits at the bottom of the washer in top load models and the back in front load models. The most common type of motors used in washers are direct drive or belt drive. The direct drive motor is attached directly to the wash basket, while the belt drive motor sits independently and uses a belt to turn the wash basket.
Washing machine water pump
The water drain pump is in the bottom of the washer, usually towards the back in top load models and the front in front load models. The drain pump controls the removal of water from the tub throughout the cycle, draining the tub after the main wash, after the first rinse and during the final spin.
Washing machine water inlet valve
The water inlet valve is in the back of the washer, toward the top. It has one port for hot water and one for cold. Some front load models only have one port for cold water and an internal heater to warm the water up to temperature. The inlet valve opens and closes when it receives electrical signals from the washer, letting water enter the tub at the right times during a cycle.
Black plastic washer drain hose
The drain hose exits the washing machine toward the bottom and travels up to the nearby sink or standpipe. It drains the water from the washing machine and is usually made of corrugated plastic. Drain hoses are largely universal and come in widths from 1 to 1.25 inches in diameter.
The console houses the washer controls where you select cycles and options. They’re located near the back of the washer in top load models and the front in front load models. Behind the console panel, you’ll find the electronic components that control essentially all the action and timing of the washer.